PhD Case Studies

The primary focus of Dr Duffy’s PhD was to examine the relationship between  innovative digital recording and visualisation techniques and the process of archaeological investigation. Using a case study approach, she recorded several archaeological resources with a selection of digital tools.  Then to help her assess value of the innovative methods, she assembled a panel of experts from each of the related disciplines to review the outputs generated from the fieldwork.



Roughting Linn, an ancient rock art site in Northumberland, was used as a case study to explore the application of different digital recording techniques at British rock art sites. Specialists: Stan Beckensall,  Richard Stroud, Kate Sharpe and Aron Mazel kindly offered their expertise with this case study.


Dr Duffy collaborated with Pam Graves, Lynda Rollason and Anthony Masinton on a project in which medieval graffiti in the old Prior’s Chapel at Durham were recorded using a variety of approaches. Pam Graves, Mark Gardiner, Matt Champion and Chris Daniell kindly agreed to serve as expert panel members.



She was also given the opportunity to access and record medieval sculpture at the very apex of the East Window at York Minster using a several techniques. The outputs generated were reviewed by a panel with a range of specialisms relating to the study and conservation of the Minster’s East Window. The expert panel comprised Sarah Brown, Lee Godfrey, Alex Holton and Andrew Arrol.



Since completing her doctorate, Dr Duffy has gone on to record rock art at other sites in UK and Armenia as well to document different types of church inscription (e.g. St Mary’s/Ashwell, St Mary’s/Watford & Kirby Misperton). Currently, she is re-processing the original image sets from York Minster using a new workflow with the hopes of generating additional models of the sculpture. Findings from her work have been presented at various conferences and a selection of publications are forthcoming.